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Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

Attention Patients of North Range Eye Care

Federal CDC and Colorado Guidelines regarding the COVID19 situation:

Eye Care Facilities have been allowed to resume “Routine Eye Care Visits” at a pace that allows proper cleaning and social distancing. We are currently seeing routine exams on a reduced schedule to accommodate these requirements. We are monitoring and following guidelines closely to be able to accommodate more patients as things are phased in on a Federal, State, and Local level:

Please note the following for your visit:

Staff and Patients are REQUIRED to wear a mask for any visit within the office. If you do not have an adequate mask, one will be provided for you. If you elect not to wear a mask, we will happily reschedule your appointment until regulations for masks are no longer required

  1. Adult Patient Only
  2. Minor Patients + 1 Guardian
  3. Elderly Patient + 1 Caretaker
  4. We appreciate your help and understanding during these unprecedented times. North Range Eye Care cannot wait to get back to business as usual and continue to provide outstanding services to our wonderful community.